標題: Ontology-Based Representation and Reasoning Framework for Supporting Job Hazard Analysis
作者: Wang, Han-Hsiang
Boukamp, Frank
土木工程學系
Department of Civil Engineering
關鍵字: Ontology;Construction management;Safety;Job hazard analysis;Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
公開日期: 1-十一月-2011
摘要: Job hazard analysis (JHA) is a process of identifying potential hazards for each step of an activity and proposing safety rules to prevent potential incidents related to these hazards. In the United States, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recommends performing JHA for construction activities to highlight and react to potential hazards. JHA commonly requires brainstorming sessions to identify steps and associated hazards within construction activities. A company's personnel involved in JHAs rely on their experience-and often also on the company's internal knowledge represented in the form of safety rules. However, the complexity and time-consuming nature of JHA prevent safety personnel from adjusting JHAs quickly when changes in the construction methods and the schedule are made. This paper presents a framework aiming to improve access to a company's JHA knowledge. The framework uses ontologies for structuring knowledge about activities, job steps, and hazards. It also includes an ontological reasoning mechanism for identifying safety rules applicable to given activities. The framework has been validated through several test cases using real JHA documents. The results of the validations are discussed, and conclusions for future research are drawn. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CP.1943-5487.0000125. (C) 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CP.1943-5487.0000125
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/15068
ISSN: 0887-3801
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CP.1943-5487.0000125
期刊: JOURNAL OF COMPUTING IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
Volume: 25
Issue: 6
起始頁: 442
結束頁: 456
顯示於類別:期刊論文


文件中的檔案:

  1. 000298195500004.pdf