標題: Electrochromism of rutile nanowires, vertically aligned along the [001] direction, due to alkali metal ion intercalation
作者: Yang, Min-Han
Chen, Ting-Ting
Wang, Yu-Shiuan
Chiu, Hsin-Tien
Lee, Chi-Young
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
公開日期: 2011
摘要: Rutile nanowires were grown along the [001] direction and perpendicular to the fluorine doped tin oxide coated glass substrate (R(perpendicular to)) by a solvothermal process using titanium isopropoxide as the precursor in acidic solution. The edge length of the nanowires obtained in isopropyl alcohol is ten times less than that of the nanowires obtained in water. Due to the high ionic diffusion rate along the rutile [001] direction and good optical transmittance, R(perpendicular to) was used as an electrochromism electrode. When -2 V was applied, the color of the electrode became blue with a 60% change in the transmittance for 30 s due to the cathodic polarization potential in LiClO(4)/PC electrolyte (where PC is propylene carbonate). The lithium ion intercalated/extracted densities of R(perpendicular to), P25-coated and rutile nanowires-coated electrodes are 138.6/129.1 mC cm(-2), 93.6/83.2 mC cm(-2) and 31.7/15.9 mC cm(-2) respectively. After 50 cycles, the R(perpendicular to) electrode still performs very well. Furthermore, a large amount of sodium cation intercalation into TiO(2) was observed for the first time at -1.0 V. According to these results, the R(perpendicular to) electrode is a promising candidate to be a multi-function device.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/14966
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c1jm13084f
ISSN: 0959-9428
DOI: 10.1039/c1jm13084f
期刊: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY
Volume: 21
Issue: 46
起始頁: 18738
結束頁: 18743
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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