Title: Conditional expectation for evaluation of risk groundwater flow and solute transport: one-dimensional analysis
Authors: Liou, TS
Yeh, HD
Institute of Environmental Engineering
Keywords: ground water;Monte Carlo analysis;risk assessment;sensitivity analysis;solute transport
Issue Date: 10-Dec-1997
Abstract: A one-dimensional groundwater transport equation with two uncertain parameters, groundwater velocity and longitudinal dispersivity, is investigated in this paper. The analytical uncertainty of the predicted contaminant concentration is derived by the first-order mean-centered uncertainty analysis. The risk of the contaminant transport is defined as the probability that the concentration exceeds a maximum acceptable upper limit. Five probability density functions including the normal, lognormal, gamma, Gumbel, and Weibull distributions are chosen as the models for predicting the concentration distribution. The risk for each distribution is derived analytically based on the conditional probability. The mean risk and confidence interval are then computed by Monte Carlo simulation where the groundwater velocity and longitudinal dispersivity are assumed to be lognormally and normally distributed, respectively. Results from the conditional expectation of an assumed damage function show that the unconditional expectation generally underestimates the damage for low risk events. It is found from the sensitivity analysis that the mean longitudinal dispersivity is the most sensitive parameter and the variance of longitudinal dispersivity is the least sensitive one among those distribution models except the gamma and Weibull distributions. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(97)00025-5
ISSN: 0022-1694
DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1694(97)00025-5
Volume: 199
Issue: 3-4
Begin Page: 378
End Page: 402
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  1. A1997YF31000010.pdf