|標題:||Atomic-Scale Mechanisms of Defect-Induced Retention Failure in Ferroelectrics|
Jokisaar, Jacob R.
Yang, Jan -Chi
Christen, Hans M.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
|關鍵字:||Ferroelectric;retention failure;defect;mixed-phase structure;head-to-head polarization|
|摘要:||The ability to switch the ferroelectric polarization using an electric field makes ferroelectrics attractive for application in nanodevices such as high-density memories. One of the major challenges impeding this application, however, has been known as retention failure, which is a spontaneous process of polarization back-switching that can lead to data loss. This process is generally thought to be caused by the domain instability arising from interface boundary conditions and countered by defects, which can pin the domain wall and impede the back-switching. Here, using in situ transmission electron microscopy and atomic-scale scanning transmission electron microscopy, we show that the polarization retention failure can be induced by commonly observed nanoscale impurity defects in BiFeO3 thin films. The interaction between polarization and the defects can also lead to the stabilization of novel functional nanodomains with mixed-phase structures and head-to-head polarization configurations. Thus, defect engineering provides a new route for tuning properties of ferroelectric nanosystems.|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles|