|標題:||Oxygen-selective adsorption in RPM3-Zn metal organic framework|
Lueking, Angela D.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
|關鍵字:||Metal organic frameworks;RPM3-Zn;Air separation;Gate opening;Kinetic selectivity|
|摘要:||Development of an oxygen selective adsorbent is anticipated to reduce the material and energy requirements for adsorptive separations of air by a factor of four, due to the relative concentrations of N-2 and O-2 in air, thereby decreasing the parasitic energy losses, carbon dioxide emissions, and cost of oxygen purification via pressure-swing adsorption. Here, we report that RPM3-Zn (a. k. a. Zn-2(bpdc)(2)(bpee); bpdc = 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylate; bpee = 1,2-bipyridylethene) is oxygen selective over nitrogen at temperatures from 77 K to 273 K, although the oxygen capacity of the sorbent decreased markedly at increasing temperatures. Due to an oxygen diffusivity that is similar to 1000-fold greater than nitrogen, the effective oxygen selectivity increases to near infinity at low temperature at equal contact times due to N2 mass transfer limitations for gate-opening. The kinetic limitation for N-2 to open the structure has a sharp temperature dependence, suggesting this effective kinetic selectivity may be "tuned in" for other flexible metalorganic- frameworks. Although the low temperature oxygen selectivity is not practical to displace cryogenic distillation, the results suggest a new mechanism for tailoring materials for kinetic selectivity, namely, capitalizing upon the delayed opening process for a particular gas relative to another. Published by Elsevier Ltd.|
|期刊:||CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles|