|標題:||Role of apamin-sensitive small conductance calcium-activated potassium currents in long-term cardiac memory in rabbits|
Wu, Adonis Z.
Weiss, James N.
Everett, Thomas H.
Institute of Molecular Medicine and Bioengineering
|關鍵字:||Cardiac memory;Electrophysiology;Ion channel;Ventricular fibrillation|
|摘要:||BACKGROUND Apamin-sensitive small conductance calcium-activated K current (I-KAS) is up-regulated during ventricular pacing and masks short-term cardiac memory (CM). OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the role of I-KAS in long-term CM. METHODS CM was created with 3-5 weeks of ventricular pacing and defined by a flat or inverted T wave off pacing. Epicardial optical mapping was performed in both paced and normal ventricles. Action potential duration (APD(80)) was determined during right atrial pacing. Ventricular stability was tested before and after I-KAS blockade. Four paced hearts and 4 normal hearts were used for western blotting and histology. RESULTS There were no significant differences in either echocardiographic parameters or fibrosis levels between groups. Apamin induced more APD(80) prolongation in CM than in normal ventricles (mean [95% confidence interval]: 9.6% [8.8%-10.5%] vs 3.1% [1.9%-4.3%]; P <.001). Apamin significantly lengthened APD(80) in the CM model at late activation sites, indicating significant I-KAS up-regulation at those sites. The CM model also had altered Ca2+ handling, with the 50% Ca2+ transient duration and amplitude increased at distal sites compared to a proximal site (near the pacing site). After apamin, the CM model had increased ventricular fibrillation (VF) inducibility (paced vs control: 33/40 (82.5%) vs 7/20 (35%); P < .001) and longer VF durations (124 vs 26 seconds; P < .001). CONCLUSION Chronic ventricular pacing increases Ca2+ transients at late activation sites, which activates I-KAS to maintain repolarization reserve. I-KAS blockade increases VF vulnerability in chronically paced rabbit ventricles.|
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