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dc.contributor.authorHung, Wei-Chiaen_US
dc.contributor.authorHwang, Cheinwayen_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yi-Anen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Leien_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Kuan-Hungen_US
dc.contributor.authorWei, Shiang-Hungen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Da-Renen_US
dc.contributor.authorLin, Shu-Hanen_US
dc.description.abstractChiayi County is located in the largest alluvial plain of Taiwan with extensive aquaculture and rice farming sustained by water extracted from groundwater wells. Chiayi is a typical aquaculture area affected by land subsidence, yet such lands worldwide combine to provide nearly 90% of global aquaculture products, greatly reducing oceanic overfishing problems. This study uses precision leveling, multi-layer compaction monitoring well (MLCW) and spaceborne SAR interferometry (InSAR) to examine the cause and effect of land subsidence in Chiayi associated with groundwater extractions and changes. Heights at benchmarks in a leveling network are measured annually and soil compactions at 24-26 layers up to 300-m depths at 7 MLCWs are collected at one-month intervals. Over 2007-2011, 15 ALOS/PALSAR images are processed by the method of TCPInSAR to produce subsidence rates. All sensors show that land subsidence occur in most parts of Chiayi, with rates reaching 4.5 cm/year around its coast, a result of groundwater pumping from shallow to deep aquifers. MLCWs detect mm-accuracy seasonal soil compactions coinciding with groundwater level fluctuations and causing dynamic compactions. Compactions near Taiwan High Speed Rail may reduce the strength of the rail's supporting columns to degrade its safety. The SAR images yield subsidence rates consistent with those from leveling and compaction wells after corrections for systematic errors by the leveling result. Subsidence in Chiayi's coastal area leads to relative sea level rises at rates up to 15 times larger than the global eustatic sea level rising rate, a risk typical for world's aquaculture-rich regions. At the fish pond-covered Budai Township, InSAR identifies subsidence spots not detected by leveling, providing crucial geo-information for a sustainable land management for aquaculture industry.en_US
dc.subjectcompaction wellen_US
dc.subjectland subsidenceen_US
dc.subjectprecision levelingen_US
dc.subjectrelative sea level riseen_US
dc.titleLand Subsidence in Chiayi, Taiwan, from Compaction Well, Leveling and ALOS/PALSAR: Aquaculture-Induced Relative Sea Level Riseen_US
dc.identifier.journalREMOTE SENSINGen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Civil Engineeringen_US
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