標題: Development of elementary school students' cognitive structures and information processing strategies under long-term constructivist-oriented science instruction
作者: Wu, YT
Tsai, CC
教育研究所
師資培育中心
Institute of Education
Center of Teacher Education
公開日期: 1-九月-2005
摘要: The main purpose of this study was to explore the effects of long-term constructivist-oriented science instruction on elementary school students' process of constructing cognitive structures. Furthermore, such effects on different science achievers were also investigated. The subjects of this study were 69 fifth graders in Taiwan, while they were assigned to either a constructivist-oriented instruction group or a traditional teaching group. The research treatment was conducted for 5 months, including six instructional units, and students' cognitive structures were probed through interviews coupled with a "metalistening technique" after the instruction of each unit. The interview narratives were transcribed into the format of "flow maps." In addition, the information processing modes shown in the flow maps were also investigated through a series of content analyses. The findings showed that the students in the constructivist-oriented instruction group attained significantly better learning outcomes in terms of the extent and integration of their cognitive structures, metacognition engagement, and the usage of information processing strategies. Moreover, it was also revealed that both high achievers and low achievers benefited from the constructivist-oriented instructional activities, but in different ways. For example, both high achievers and low achievers in the constructivist-oriented instruction group attained better usage of information processing strategies than their counterparts in traditional teaching group did; but only high achievers displayed better usage of higher order information processing modes (i.e., inferring or explaining) than their counterparts in traditional teaching group did. The results in this study finally suggest a four-stage model for students' process of constructing cognitive structure under the constructivist-oriented science instruction, including "cognitive structure acquisition," "metacognition enrichment," "cognitive structure integration," and "cognitive structure refinement." (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sce.20068
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/14393
ISSN: 0036-8326
DOI: 10.1002/sce.20068
期刊: SCIENCE EDUCATION
Volume: 89
Issue: 5
起始頁: 822
結束頁: 846
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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  1. 000231553100006.pdf