Investigative Study of Risk Factors and Improvement Strategies of Firefighters’ Rescue Operation for Petrochemical Plant in Miaoli County
|關鍵字:||石化工廠;消防搶救;火災風險;爆炸;petrochemical plant;fire fighting and rescue;fire risk;explosion|
Raw materials used in petrochemical industrial mostly have hazardous characteristics, i.e. flammable, explosive, toxic and corrosive, once disaster occurred, regardless of fire, explosion and the toxic chemical disaster, it may led to heavy lives casualties and property loss, such as major explosion incident resulted from petrochemical pipeline leakage happened in Kaohsiung, 31 July 2014. In this case, even dozens of emergency responder casualties occurred, including policemen, firefighters and the chemical disaster processing personnel, so petrochemical industry is well known for high risk of fire or explosion. In this study via the literature review, expert’s interview and questionnaire survey, the derived risk, faced problem, and improved direction during fire rescue for petrochemical plant were analyzed and obtained. Then, according to research schema and based on fire fighter’s background, aspects of "basic understanding of petrochemical factory", "vehicles, equipment and accessories used for petrochemical plant fire rescue", and "hazardous risk of petrochemical factory fire", and "fire rescue training of petrochemical plant" were investigated in depth. It was focused on the firefighters in first dispatch to rescue in case of fire of Taiwan's large petrochemical plant to conduct a questionnaire survey, and then to conduct data processing and analysis through statistical computer software, SPSS. Results of the risk factor survey showed there were over 60% of firefighters deem it necessary to strengthen the safety data indication of chemical in petrochemical plant and worry about that the color of canisters on fire mask would cause problems while in rescue action; and over 85% of firefighters believed it should first ascertain what type of the disaster hazards before rescue action. In disaster rescue training survey, it showed over 70% of firefighters agree that the task-force chemical disaster response team in fire brigade should be established to tackle the treatment on rescue and response of chemical disaster accident; and over 75% of firefighters agree that the tuition of training course on the types of chemicals or industries should be enhanced, and should regularly have the discussion and information exchange with toxic chemicals disaster response team and military disaster processing troop. As for survey on increasing the ability of rescue of petrochemical plants, more than 80% of firefighters agree that petrochemical plant should establish the standard operating procedures of disaster rescue to meet the demand, and have the regular exercises for staff. Finally, five suggestions were proposed as follows: (1) The training and the re-training on chemical disaster rescue should be regularly held; (2) The chemical disaster processing vehicle should be disposed in priority for the fire brigade near the petrochemical plant; (3) The fire brigade with specific responsibility of chemical disaster response should be established; (4) The petrochemical plant disaster database should be established; and (5) To amend the safety notices of “Chapter 16- Safety guidelines to rescue chemical plant fire” within Disaster Rescue Safety Manual.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|