Policies and Strategies forTaiwan's「photovoltaic power generation」
|關鍵字:||AHP層級分析法;差別式躉購費率;AHP;wholesale purchase rate difference|
ABSTRACT After Japan’s "311 nuclear disaster" in 2011, French "UN climate summit" in 2015 and Taiwan’s presidential and parliamentary elections in 2016, "nuclear-free homeland" and "green energy and carbon reduction" have become profound indicators of Taiwan’s energy development. But after the archive of Taiwan's fourth nuclear power plant in construction and decommissioning of the currently operating nuclear power plants, ther will be a yearly power shortage of about 400 billion kWh. National Energy Conference was reconvened in 2015, "energy security", "renewable energy", "carbon reduction" and other issues urgently require environmental groups, experts, scholars and representatives from various sectors to put forward suggestions, with intergrated national consensus and professional advices to form a viable plan going forward. Taiwan power grid is an independent system and is not supported from grid of neighboring countries, electrical safety is an issue. When in 2018 the the operating nuclear power plants will be decommissioned in succession, "Load Dispatching" "inadequate spare capacity," and other issues, would challenge the national security. Fourth nuclear power plant could solve the problem of power shortage in northern Taiwan, and avoid the risks to transmitting power from South to North. But after Japan’s 311 nuclear disaster, the future of nuclear power development is unclear, The use of coal, natural gas and other fossil fuels, is restricted because of the "greenhouse gas reduction and management Act". Facing the world today are issues of "global warming", "climate anomalies", the development of "renewable energy" is the new international focus to reduce carbon emissions. Taiwan due to its hydro, biomass energy and land power generation are saturated, the future renewable energy sources are the "photovoltaic" and "offshore wind power". Taiwan’s PV industry has developed a mature and complete supply chain; but the PV installation lags behind many under developed countries. The country’s policy and legal issues have seriously hindered the performance and progress in this arena. Through literature review and interviews with experts, via AHP level analysis and statistical analysis of the questionnaire, This study is seeking to outline the important factors affecting the "Solar power generation", in order, the "investment costs" "tarrif rate differences" "construction and management” " agriculture policy ", and put forward specific proposals based on characteristics of photovoltaic power generation, in respect to" energy security "" wholesale purchase rate "" carbon reduction "and" alternative renewable energy in place of nuclear energy "etc. With verification and evaluation, we hope to convience decision makers to promote Taiwan‘s photovoltaic power generation. With a comprehensive "Solar power generation" policy Taiwan can reduce transmission losses, implement carbon reduction, and promote industrial development while ensuring energy security, environmental protection and achieving carbon reduction goals; This policy will promote healthy industry and make Taiwan a global solar power generation model.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|