Title: A cross-cultural study of organizational factors on safety: Japanese vs. Taiwanese oil refinery plants
Authors: Hsu, Shang Hwa
Lee, Chun-Chia
Wu, Muh-Cherng
Takano, Kenichi
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management
Keywords: safety culture;safety climate;cross-cultural;safety management;occupational safety;oil refinery industry
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2008
Abstract: This study attempts to identify idiosyncrasies of organizational factors on safety and their influence mechanisms in Taiwan and Japan. Data were collected from employees of Taiwanese and Japanese oil refinery plants. Results show that organizational factors on safety differ in the two countries. Organizational characteristics in Taiwanese plants are highlighted as: higher level of management commitment to safety, harmonious interpersonal relationship, more emphasis on safety activities, higher devotion to supervision, and higher safety self-efficacy, as we] I as high quality of safety performance. Organizational characteristics in Japanese plants are highlighted as: higher level of employee empowerment and attitude towards continuous improvement, more emphasis on systematic safety management approach, efficient reporting system and teamwork, and high quality of safety performance. The casual relationships between organizational factors and workers' safety performance were investigated using structural equation modeling (SEM). Results indicate that the influence mechanisms of organizational factors in Taiwan and Japan are different. These findings provide insights into areas of safety improvement in emerging countries and developed countries respectively. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2007.03.020
ISSN: 0001-4575
DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2007.03.020
Volume: 40
Issue: 1
Begin Page: 24
End Page: 34
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