標題: Effect of consecutive driving on accident risk: A comparison between passenger and freight train driving
作者: Chang, Hsin-Li
Ju, Lai-Shun
運輸與物流管理系 註:原交通所+運管所
Department of Transportation and Logistics Management
關鍵字: Exposure;Accident rate;Consecutive driving;Railway safety
公開日期: 1-十一月-2008
摘要: This study combined driver-responsible accidents with on-board driving hours to examine the effect of consecutive driving on the accident risk of train operations. The data collected from the Taiwan Railway Administration for the period 1996-2006 was used to compute accident rates for varied accumulated driving hours for passenger and freight trains. The results showed that accident risk grew with increased consecutive driving hours for both passenger and freight trains, and doubled that of the first hour after four consecutive hours of driving. Additional accident risk was found for freight trains during the first hour due to required shunting in the marshalling yards where there are complex track layouts and semiautomatic traffic controls. Also, accident risk for train driving increased more quickly over consecutive driving hours than for automobile driving, and accumulated fatigue caused by high working pressure and monotony of the working environment are considered to be the part of the reason. To prevent human errors accidents, enhancing safety equipment, driver training programs, and establishing a sound auditing system are suggested and discussed. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2008.07.009
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/14214
ISSN: 0001-4575
DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2008.07.009
期刊: ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
Volume: 40
Issue: 6
起始頁: 1844
結束頁: 1849
顯示於類別:期刊論文


文件中的檔案:

  1. 000261349800007.pdf