Chutung Forestry and Local Society in northen Taiwan during Japanese Colonial Times
|關鍵字:||林業;竹東;殖民時期;植松;平戶吉藏;forestry;Chudong;colonial times;Uematsu;Hirato Kichizou|
This article commences with forestry policies and further explores Taiwanese forestry resources and aboriginal policies during Qing dynasty and Japanese colonial times. With information derived from the transfer of Japanese industries to Taiwanese government, the operation of four Japanese enterprises in Chudung, including Okuda timber shop, Yoshida timber shop, Chudung branch of Taiwan Development Co. Ltd., and Chudung branch of Uematsu timber shop is being analyzed and compared. With the Uematsu timber shop being focused, the article explores Uematsu Enterprise’s scope of business, land acquisition and worker appearance of Japanese enterprises, as well as compares the job assignment, remuneration and benefits of both Japanese and Taiwanese workers. Lastly, the look of life and way of work of forestry related personnel is being recorded through field trips and oral interview. The development of forestry that led to the rise of various industries in Chudung is being described. Take Nanhe as an example, this article explains qualitative change of the surrounding employment resulted from the rise of forestry.