The intention of pedestrians’ distracted behavior in crosswalks
|關鍵字:||行人分心行為;行人穿越道路;計畫行為理論;結構方程模式;Pedestrian distraction behavior;Pedestrian in crosswalks;Theory of Planned Behavior;Structure Equation Modeling|
There were a lot of casualties who were injured by crossing road. The causes were not only the negligence of the driver, but also the distraction of the pedestrian. Even more, there were more dangerous conditions to the pedestrian when they were crossing the road, such as talking with companion, wearing earphone or using mobile phone. More and more accidents happened after the lunch of the Augmented Reality Game “Pokemon Go”. That is why so many injury cases of pedestrian in Taiwan.The purpose of this study is used by Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to analysis the factors which cause the pedestrian’s distracted behavior, including texting message by mobile phone, listening to music, having a phone call, using program or playing game of mobile phone. The result of this study is expected to educate pedestrian about having self-protect consciousness and secure ways of crossing road, it also be reference to government in determining traffic policy about pedestrian.This study consulted domestic and foreign references and the statistics of pedestrian’s accident first, to realize the characteristics of the pedestrian’s distraction. According to those references and statistics to discuss the factors of pedestrian’s distracted behavior and design relevant questionnaire. Then, under Theory of Planned Behavior, using Structure Equation Modeling (SEM) to testified behavioral intention of the pedestrian’s distraction and using path-analysis to find out the correlation in all aspects. The major results of this study shows that perceived behavior control is the most dominate factor in the pedestrian’s distraction behavior in crosswalk model；the next factor is attitude toward the behavior；the last one is subject norm, and its weight is negative. In addition, the distracted behavior in crosswalk will be composed by the factors of perceived behavior control and intention of distracted behavior. The important factors of attitude toward the behavior are “more convenient”, and “more save time”; The important factors of subject norm are “friends”, and “colleague or classmate”；The important factors of perceived behavior control are “A group of people walk together”, “rush through”, “other pedestrians also use mobile phones”, and “The intersection width is too long”.