A Trend Analysis of the Foreign Workers in Taiwan
|Keywords:||外籍勞工;人口分析;產業勞動力分佈;Foreign Labor;Trend Analysis;Industrial Distribution of Foreign labor|
According to the statistics of the Ministry of Labor, the number of the foreign in 2009 was three hundred and fifty thousand approximately. In the end of 2016, the number of foreign labor in Taiwan even passed over six hundred, which means that the number of foreign workers increased by nearly three hundred thousand in the past seven years, especially the Industrial foreign labor grew the most. This study is focusing on the number of foreign workers from Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand and the Philippines which are the major labor-sending countries of Taiwan based on the trend analysis method during the interval from 2002 to 2016. In terms of the total number of foreign labor, Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines are on the rise, except that Thailand has declined year by year. In terms of social welfare industry, Indonesia's social welfare workers have the highest share of 60.67% in average, Vietnam accounted for about 20.56%, the Philippines accounted for about 15.67% and Thailand accounted for about 1.09%; in this category, nursing workers took 98.23% in average which is highest share in 15 years. In terms of industrial labor, Thailand's industrial workers took the highest share in 15 years which is 36.71% of, the total number industrial labor in average, Vietnam accounted for about 24.79%, the Philippines accounted for about 28.39%, Indonesia accounted for about 10.11%; in this category, manufacturing industry took the highest share of 93.19% within 15 years in average. The government's policy on foreign labor is the main reason for the waning and waxing of its population, and the possibility of the foreign workers’ population keep expanding in the near future is high owing to the loosening of the foreign labor policy. The government should consider the policy of foreign workers carefully, they need to avoid making the policy which can only be used on solving the problem temporarily instead of figuring out the perfect answer to the root of the problem, and examine the policy if there is an interest contradiction between the foreign and domestic labor, meanwhile, the stability of diplomatic relations among Taiwan and the four countries should be taken into account.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|