Effects of Improving Teaching Strategies Leading in Program Building Blocks on Learning Motivation of Skill-based High School Students' Program Design Course -Taking Code.org as an Example
|關鍵字:||學習動機;程式設計;程式積木;ARCS;code.org;learning motivation;Program Design;ARCS;code.org|
Learning motivation is an inner psychic factor that can drive students to study. As a teacher, it's a big challenge how to arouse student's learning motivation and aim to the teaching indicators. According to the plan of 12-year Compulsory Education, the programming course is the major curriculum in technology domain, which language is assigned to be one subject of Technological College Entrance Exam, but these students will feel frustrated due to its rigorous procedures and complex grammar. The purpose of this study is to enhance students' learning motivation by the improvement of the comprehensive teaching strategies leading programming building blocks into the course. This research was conducted using Quasi-Experimental Design, The subjects were the first-year students who studied at data processing department in the skill-based high school. They were divided into Experimental and Control group. The former was taught by leading-in programming building blocks with the code.org website 8 hours, and processed by the teaching strategies of ARCS (Attention Relevance Confidence Satisfaction, ARCS) model(Keller, 1987) which was constructed on four factors to stimulate the motivation to learn. The other was taught 8 hours by the traditional method classes. Utilizing evaluation of pre-test and post-test learning motivation questionnaire, this study will discuss the influence of the leading-in programming blocks strategies on students' learning motivation. Significant results were as followed: 1. Leading-in programming blocks matching the teaching strategies can improve the student learning motivation. 2. Interesting teaching materials and getting self-confidence by getting learning acknowledgement can enhance the student learning motivation. 3. Offer the display opportunity of the Highly positive students can be arousing their learning motivation.