The Study of Liquefied Petroleum Gas Safety Management in Tainan City
|關鍵字:||液化石油氣;容器保管室;問卷調查分析;Liquefied Petroleum Gas;Container Stockroom;Questionnaire Analysis|
According to statistics, there have been over 100 illegal cases of violation by liquefied petroleum gas distributors in Tainan in the past three years. Government departments have encountered problems in terms of safety management thereof, such as owners not recognizing or having difficulties complying with current regulations due to supply and marketing modes, etc., not conducting inspections of fuel gas equipment and pipelines, and not carrying out the “Home-use Liquefied Petroleum Gas Supply Adhesion Contract”. In addition, as the Fire Agency is tasked to investigate and formulate a regulation that allows new gas stores to be set up with the condition of having “Container Stockrooms”, evaluations shall be made on the effect of this proposed measure that hopes to curtail excess storage. Based on the above, the study proposed improvement plans and implementations toward the current regulations and safety and management system by means of literature analysis, and it used the liquefied petroleum gas distributors in Tainan as the research objects to assess current safety management regulations and the home-use liquefied petroleum gas supply adhesion contract system, formulate the regulations for “Container Stockroom” as well as provide suggestions for other improvement measures. The study is based on 256 valid samples with an effective response rate of 82.4% and conducted statistical analysis through SPSS package software. The results of the study are shown as follows: 1.The regulation of a 128-kilogram maximum storage in gas stores is the least followed by store owners. With regard to relevant fee charging mechanism in terms of violations and compulsory purchase of public liability insurance by owners and conducting of inspections by safety technology personnel, it shall give priority consideration t to the suggested measures of some gas store owners for the formulation of safety regulations. 2.Most gas store owners were inclined to take a neutral stand or disagree with the home-use liquefied petroleum gas supply adhesion contract. The larger scale gas stores have shown a greater level of acceptance, and they showed a greater willingness to cooperate with the Fire Agency to enter into contracts for offering better services for customers. 3.Gas store owners tended to take a neutral stand or agree with the regulation for a “Container Stockroom” which is under review by the Fire Agency at present. Moreover, it still expressed reservations on the proposed measures for solving the current problems such as violation of regulations or excess storage of gas cylinders, as owners have difficulties in setting up a “Container Stockroom” in light of issues related to land area, cost or perception of people in neighboring communities.