Disaggregate Efficiency of Listing Shipping Companies in Taiwan
|關鍵字:||資料包絡分析法;海運公司;分項效率;Data envelopment analysis;Shipping companies;Disaggregate efficiency|
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) indicates that percentage global international trade on the sea is approximately 80%. It also shows that the maritime industry plays an important role in the international trade. The percentage of trade of import and export for maritime transportation in Taiwan is approximately 99%, implying that the shipping industry is therefore important to Taiwan. This study applies the data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach to compute the disaggregate efficiency of 10 listing shipping companies in Taiwan during 2006-2015. Two input variables include salary and wages and operating expenses excluding salary and wages. The two output variables are operating income and total non-operating income. Years, business type, and trade volume are three environmental variables. The major findings are as follows: (1) The disaggregated input efficiencies of listing shipping companies in Taiwan are better than their disaggregated output efficiencies. (2) Container shipping companies perform well in efficiency of operating income; however, bulk shipping companies perform well in efficiency of total non-operating income. (3) Shipping companies which have established longer perform worse in efficiency of salary and wages. Besides, efficiency of operating expenses excluding salary and wages decreases with a shipping company’s trade volume.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|