A Study of Safety and Health Cognitions and Practical Implementations of Construction Engineering
|關鍵字:||工作習慣;不安全行為;認知;安全衛生政策;Work Habits;Unsafe Behavior;Awareness;Policies of Health and Safety|
In construction industry, it is concerned for every building enterprise to pay heed to all the details, which include procedure and schedule arrangement, materials and methods selection, equipment and workers deployment, funds management, and so on. However, the most important of all for those who are in the construction site are the environmental protection and occupational safety. Each of the construction safety, convenience, hygiene has an influence on the work efficiency and quality, even on the accuracy of construction. On the other hand, according to the recent reports of construction accidents, it showed that the construction exactitude and complement of Taiwan are worse than that of developed countries, such as America, Germany and Japan. Among these factors, the difference of “responsible attitude and work habits” is the main reason to cause incidental damages. In this study, we analysis presently domestic common management of environmental protection and occupational safety, and study the possible impacts on construction safety due to work habits (unsafe behavior). At final, we try to find out an appropriate method to improve the present situation, in order to avoid the same accident from our surroundings. This study is based on the construction sites in Yilan County, Keelung City, Taipei City, New Taipei City, Taoyaun City, Hsinchu City, Hsinchu County and Miaoli City, Taiwan (R.O.C.). The questionnaires are randomly sent at different sites from October 2016 to December 2016, and 273 effective samples are received. According to the reference, the questionnaires are designed to survey the awareness of work risk of workers, and the actual conditions that managers take action on avoiding the above risk. Moveover, we design detailed questions with regard to high-risk-trades. In accordance with the analysis results, the average grade is 76.56, which is lower than 80 points of the “agree” condition. That is to say, although workers are aware of work risk to a certain extent, there is still having some room for improvement. Futhermore, workers consider that the policies and measures of health and safety, which managers adopt, do not satisfy the expectation of workers. The health problems of immediate concern for workers, the safety equipment and the adoption of safety measures and the fire equipment and escape are the first three serious problems that exist larger difference to be improved. This research reveals that managers tend to inject more resources into the enhancement of safety measures than those into the health problems. As a result, managers can attempt to invest in the improvement of health condition as far as resources allow, in order to maintain workers’ health and promote workers’ morale and efficiency.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|