The Transformation of the Ceremony and Culture Care in Women’s Puerperal Period：the Case of Toufen Hakka Community in Miaoli
|關鍵字:||客家;女性;儀式;作月子;日出模式照護理論;Hakka;women;ceremony;puerperal period;the care theory of sunrise model|
Abstract The native Hakka ethnic group, immigrating from China to Taiwan, first settled down on the cultivated land where they built Laivuk Hakka Village, Tung-chuang as their hometown in Toufen Township, Miao-li County as a traditional Hakka village and a typical patriarchal society, living together, mainly speaking the Taiwanese (Si-yan) Hakka dialect and sacrificing on Ember Days When a baby is newly born, there usually the fragrance of chicken wine permeating around all the alleys and lanes, when it is one month old, people will prepare to serve glutinous rice, boiled egg with its shells red-dyed and newcomer dumplings or cakes, as gifts for their close friends and relatives and also pray for Daiken for children by putting on them protective talismans blessed by Seventh Star Goddess. The human procreation is a natural phenomenon for producing offspring.Such traditional Hakka cultural practice or rituals manifest themselves in their everyday life. The “puerperal period” is a very unique and profound Chinese cultural ritual or practice during which time, women are being proclaimed, spiritualized or purified, re-established, with their interpersonal relationships rebuilt. Thus, in the process, culture awareness is an important element which influences individual’s values, living habits and family beliefs, knowledge about health care and determines the whole process of pregnancy and birth. The discussion is about how women, though marriage, could strive to advance and promote their role when entering, the extended larger families of their husband and, fitting into and broadening the relatively complex family network of their family members and relatives; how they could expand or strengthen their interpersonal relationships; and how they could manage to adjust to the social changes in the practice of observing puerperal period, thus integrated into their husband’s values and briefs. When giving birth to their babies or seeing a doctor, the women in Toufen would mostly go to the Wei-gong hospital for medical treatments since it is the only regional hospital that offers delivering service in Toufen. It is found from the research that in his clinical nursing experience pregnant women often needs to face with the conflicts between cultural customs and medical care as well as the choice of location for practicing their puerperal period. Accordingly these nurses also experience the need to making various key measurements to adjust to different levels of life style and cultural rituals or practice in response to the social changes. This research adopted qualitative research, field investigation, in-depth interview, participants’ observation and applied the care theory of sunrise model as the guideline to discuss the traditional Hakka customs and today’s culture care changes by exploring their multivariate factors from a holistic point of view. It also analyzes women’s knowledge about pregnancy and behaviors during confinements so as to understand and determine their actual, realistic needs, thus allowing them to have more options or choices to meet their individual or specific needs for good, decent care instead of self-limiting with no alternative as the previous practice.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|