Influenced Factors of the ocean freight level in Fareast – Europe trade
|關鍵字:||貨櫃航運;運價水準;油價;超大型船舶;歐盟競爭法;蛛網理論;container shipping;ocean freight level;bunker price;ULCS (Ultra large container ship);EU competition law;Cobweb theorem|
The container shipping market has been being more and more competitive after countries all over the world focused more than before on anti-competition and anti-cartel. Unlike what container shipping companies did in the past, companies in this industry are not able to discuss future business plan, fix future rate level, and set unified surcharges. The repeal of freight conference has resulted in drastic rate fluctuation, even overreaction. Because the service frequency in container shipping market is always, at least, weekly, the capacity is not storable. With above mentioned conditions, how to maximize the income has been a more and more important but more and more difficult issue. This article aims to explore the influenced factors of ocean freight level from a new perspective, and establish a reliable model by apply 2-staged least squared method to predict the trend of freight rates. It may not only help the shipping companies to increase their revenue but also provide the merchants, manufacturers, and third party logistics companies a reliable cost model.