標題: Lake level variations in China from TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry: data quality assessment and links to precipitation and ENSO
作者: Hwang, CW
Peng, MF
Ning, JS
Luo, J
Sui, CH
土木工程學系
Department of Civil Engineering
關鍵字: ENSO;lake level in China;Tibet;TOPEX/Poseidon
公開日期: 1-四月-2005
摘要: About 10 yr of TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P) altimetry data have been used to compute time series of lake levels at six inland lakes in China. To verify our T/P data processing strategy, the T/P-derived lake levels at Bosten Lake (west China) and Lake Huron (north America) were compared with lake gauge records: good agreement is found between the T/P and the gauge results. Wavelet spectra indicate annual and interannual variations of these lake levels, which are also sensitive to climate variability. At the interannual timescale, the lake levels of Hulun (north China), Bosten (west China) and Ngangzi (east Tibet) are correlated with precipitation and El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO); in particular, they all respond to the 1997-1998 El Nino. The Bosten lake level has increased monotonically since 1993 due to the increased temperature on Tianshan Mountain, which feeds water into this lake. The lake levels of Hongze and Gaoyou (east China) show minor decreasing trends. The lake level of La'nga (west Tibet) decreased steadily from 1993 to 2001, with a total drop of 4 m. The Ngangzi lake level decreased from 1993 January to 1997 December, but after the peak of the 1997-1998 El Nino the slope was reversed and the lake level has increased monotonically since then. An example given at Bosten Lake shows that waveform contamination over Chinese lakes affects the quality of T/P-derived lake levels and retracking is necessary to mitigate the problem.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02518.x
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/13870
ISSN: 0956-540X
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02518.x
期刊: GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL
Volume: 161
Issue: 1
起始頁: 1
結束頁: 11
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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  1. 000228133800001.pdf