Effects of Layout Design on Reading Classical Chinese Article
|關鍵字:||認知負荷;文言文;排版;cognitive load;classic chinese;layout|
Classic Chinese has the characteristics of polysemy and concise comprehension. When reading Chinese, readers within a limited working memory are required to recognize words and expressions, comprehend their meanings, integrate messages carried out between paragraphs, and deduce translations, all of which as a result, are more likely led to heavier cognitive loadings.Thus this research aim to alleviate the cognitive loadings for Chinese readers and furthermore, help them improve their study by arranging more appropriate teaching materials.This research is based on Cognitive Load Theory, Multimedia Learning Theory, and Visual Search Theory. Three layouts are designed and what will be further discussed in the following are the influences of the layouts on students’ learning effects, their perception of cognitive loadings, as well as the differences of cognitive loadings between teachers and students. There were 73 participants from three classes of a junior high school in Hsinchu County. Based on a counterbalanced experimental design, the independent variables were “layout designs”, and the dependent variables were “perception of cognitive load” and “learning effect”. The results of this research are as the following: First, layout designs influence students’ perception of cognitive load, especially in their motivation in reading and comprehension. Students with stronger motivation in reading regard themselves with better comprehension. Secondly, the layout designs of Classic Chinese have no prominent influences on students’ learning effects. Thirdly, the degree of difficulty of Classic Chinese influence students' perception of cognitive load.Fourth, the learning performance is relevant to cognitive loading. Finally, the layout designs influence teachers’ perception of cognitive load. The effects are same with students’. Both of them prefer L mode. However, the layout designs almost make no influence on making efforts. Supposedly, layout designs don’t influence experts to comprehend texts.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|