Title: Dynamic range and switching speed limitations of an NxN optical packet switch based on low-gain semiconductor optical amplifiers
Authors: Tai, C
Way, WI
National Chiao Tung University
Department of Photonics
Issue Date: 1-Apr-1996
Abstract: Two important system performance limitations-dynamic range and switching speed-of an integrated packet switch fabric based on low-gain semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA's) have been examined by using cascaded blocks of an SOA model, which includes transient effect, nonlinear pulse distortion effect, and amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise, Low-gain SOA's were used to minimize ASE noise considering that no optical filters can be integrated in an SOA-based switch fabric, The system performance with and without a narrowband optical filter at the receiver were both studied, By assuming fixed wavelength transmitters and no optical filter can be used at the receiving end owing to the unpredictability of arriving packet wavelengths, our simulation results indicate that the dynamic ranges of 4 x 4 and 8 x 8 SOA-based packet switches at 2.5 Gb/s can only be about 3.2 and 0.8 dB, respectively, However, at 155 Mb/s, even without a receiving-end optical filter, the dynamic range of each switch size can be increased by more than 17 dB as compared to the cases of 2.5 Gb/s, Note that the dynamic ranges were estimated under the conditions of a bit error rate (BER) less than or equal to 10(-9) and a pulse distortion ratio less than or equal to 30%. We have also shown that, when an optical filter with a 1 nm bandwidth was used at the receiving end to simulate 1) a circuit-switched condition where the center wavelength of the filter can be adjusted according to the established circuit, or 2) a packet-switched condition where each receiver has a wavelength demultiplexer and a detector array, the dynamic range of 4 x 4 and 8 x 8 switches can be increased to 16.3 and 14 dB, respectively, at 2.5 Gb/s.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/50.491389
ISSN: 0733-8724
DOI: 10.1109/50.491389
Volume: 14
Issue: 4
Begin Page: 525
End Page: 533
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  1. A1996UE70000001.pdf