標題: 歐德理與他的傳教士民族誌:客家研究的德意志起源
Ernst Johannes Eitel’s Missionary Ethnography: A German Origin of Hakka Studies
作者: 簡宏逸
Hung-yi Chien
關鍵字: 歐德理( 1838-1908);客家研究史;民族誌學史;客家風俗;客家遷徙史建構;Ernst Johannes Eitel (1838-1908);History of Hakka Studies;History of Ethnography;Hakka Customs;Construction Hakka Migration History
公開日期: 十一月-2016
出版社: 國立交通大學客家文化學院
College of Hakka Studies
摘要: 出身德意志地區,長期在客家地區傳教的傳教士歐德理(Ernst Johannes Eitel, 1838-1908)是客家研究史中的重要角色。他於1867至1869年間發表的〈客家漢人民族誌略〉(“Ethnographical Sketches of the Hakka Chinese”),以及1873年發表的〈客家歷史大綱〉(“An Outline History of the Hakkas”)奠定了後世客家研究方法與客家人認同的基調。本研究認為比較歐德理在〈客家漢人民族誌略〉、德意志學者Ehrmann〈普遍與特定民族學大綱〉倫敦民族學會《民族學訪問手冊》,可知歐德理撰寫〈客家漢人民族誌略〉的架構,主要還是受到德語民族誌學之Ethnographie/ Völkerkunde的傳統的影響。在客家歷史方面,歐德理出身的Tübingen學派學風雖然強調以文獻所載的歷史證據考據聖經,但面對客家族譜虛構的族群遷徙史,歷史考證法卻無用武之地,最後竟建構了客家人遷徙神話。
German missionary Ernst Johannes Eitel (1838-1908) is an important scholar in the history of Hakka studies. His “Ethnographical Sketches of the Hakka Chinese” (1867-1869) and “An Outline History of the Hakkas” (1873) laid the foundation to develop Hakka identity in the early twentieth century
and Eitel’s methodology was also adopted by later scholars in their Hakka studies. In this paper
I start with the etymological clarification of Eitel’s terminology
“ethnographic sketches”
and trace its scholarly root to the mid-eighteenth century Germany. Then I make a comparison among Eitel’s works
the German Ethnographie/Volkerkunde tradition
and the British questionnaire of ethnological inquiry. The result reveals Eitel was strongly influenced by his native German traditions. Finally
I find the historical criticism of the Tubingen School
from which Eitel was nourished
was unable to help Eitel critically read the fititious parts in Hakka genealogies and made him constructed the myth of Hakka migration.
URI: http://ghk.nctu.edu.tw/issueArticle.asp?P_No=44&CA_ID=463
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/136966
ISSN: 2310-8436
期刊: 全球客家研究
Global Hakka Studies
Volume: 7
起始頁: 1
結束頁: 40
顯示於類別:全球客家研究


文件中的檔案:

  1. 2310-8436-161112.pdf