標題: Multi-criteria analysis of alternative-fuel buses for public transportation
作者: Tzeng, GH
Lin, CW
Opricovic, S
運輸與物流管理系 註:原交通所+運管所
Department of Transportation and Logistics Management
關鍵字: alternative fuel;electric bus;public transportation;multi-criteria analysis;compromise solution;TOPSIS;VIKOR
公開日期: 1-七月-2005
摘要: The technological development of buses with new alternative fuels is considered in this paper. Several types of fuels are considered as alternative-fuel modes, i.e., electricity, fuel cell (hydrogen), and methanol. Electric vehicles may be considered the alternative-fuel vehicles with the lowest air pollution. Hybrid electric vehicles provide an alternate mode, at least for the period of improving the technology of electric vehicles. A hybrid electric vehicle is defined as a vehicle with the conventional internal combustion engine and an electric motor as its major sources of power. Experts from different decision-making groups performed the multiple attribute evaluation of alternative vehicles. AHP is applied to determine the relative weights of evaluation criteria. TOPSIS and VIKOR are compared and applied to determine the best compromise alternative fuel mode. The result shows that the hybrid electric bus is the most suitable substitute bus for Taiwan urban areas in the short and median term. But, if the cruising distance of the electric bus extends to an acceptable range, the pure electric bus could be the best alternative. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2003.12.014
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/13527
ISSN: 0301-4215
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2003.12.014
期刊: ENERGY POLICY
Volume: 33
Issue: 11
起始頁: 1373
結束頁: 1383
顯示於類別:期刊論文


文件中的檔案:

  1. 000228628100002.pdf