標題: Estimating Individual Vehicle Speed by FMCW Radar Detector 作者: Cho, Hsun-JungHuang, Heng運輸與物流管理系 註：原交通所+運管所Department of Transportation and Logistics Management 關鍵字: FMCW radar;Traffic detector;Vehicle speed estimation;Radar detection zone 公開日期: 2009 摘要: For a side-looking frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar detector, the information of vehicle speed can not be obtained by Doppler frequency directly. This is due to the detector is perpendicular to marching direction vehicle, therefore, Doppler shift of the beat signal is unapparent. Consequently, the length of detection zone, vehicle length, and the on-time duration of vehicle are three parameters in estimating individual vehicle speed by FMCW radar detectors. Among these parameters, vehicle length and detector on-time can be acquired by time-frequency signal analysis and statistical pattern recognition techniques. Therefore, how to determine the length of detection zone is the remaining problem. In this study, a method of estimating the length of detection zone based on antenna pattern and radar equation is proposed. According to the antenna pattern, the antenna gain is a function of angles in azimuth (phi), and elevation (theta) planes, such as G(phi, theta). For each point on the road surface, based on the radar equation, the relative received power can be calculated as long as the position and angle of the detector are given. After setting a threshold value of the relative received power, the length of detection zone on each lane can be determined. In field test, a side-looking 10.5 GHz FMCW radar is used to detect vehicles and the antenna pattern is given. The radar detector is installed at 6 meters height and the angle of depression is nearly 20 degrees. Based on the method described above and set the threshold value equal to 0.0015, then the length of detection zone on each lane can be obtained. According to the length of detection zone, vehicle length, and the on-time duration, the speed of each vehicle can be estimated. Moreover, the accuracy of lane 1 and lane 2 are 84.46% and 83.48% respectively. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/13434 ISBN: 978-0-7354-0685-8 ISSN: 0094-243X 期刊: COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, VOL 2: ADVANCES IN COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE Volume: 1148 起始頁: 445 結束頁: 448 Appears in Collections: Conferences Paper