標題: INFRARED AND ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA OF METHANE DILUTED IN SOLID NITROGEN AND IRRADIATED WITH ELECTRONS DURING DEPOSITION AT VARIOUS TEMPERATURES
作者: Chin, Chih-Hao
Chen, Sian-Cong
Liu, Meng-Chen
Huang, Tzu-Ping
Wu, Yu-Jong
應用化學系
應用化學系分子科學碩博班
Department of Applied Chemistry
Institute of Molecular science
關鍵字: astrochemistry;Kuiper Belt objects: individual (Pluto);methods: laboratory: molecular;molecular processes
公開日期: 1-Jun-2016
摘要: We recorded the infrared and ultraviolet absorption spectra of CH4:N-2 matrix samples that underwent electron bombardment during deposition in the temperature range of 10-44 K. In contrast to a previous experiment on the IR spectroscopy of electron-bombarded icy samples, methyl and azide radicals became the main products upon electron bombardment during deposition; furthermore, reduced production of nitrile species was observed for deposition at 10 and 20 K. On the other hand, for deposition above 33 K, the observed bands of the radical species (such as methyl and azide) decreased, and bands of large nitriles appeared. This observation may suggest that radical species easily diffuse and recombine to form more complex molecules in solid nitrogen at higher temperatures. Further measurements of similar samples at 10-33 K in the UV region revealed the intense band of azide radicals at 272.5 nm and weak, broad, overlapping features of methyl and azide radicals in the 225-197 nm region. For deposition at 44 K, only a broad feature centered at 219.4 nm was observed, and the possible carriers of nitrile species were proposed based on the corresponding IR spectrum and theoretical predictions of excitation energy. This band is similar to the observed absorption feature of Pluto's surface recorded by the Hubble telescope in terms of both band position and bandwidth. Our findings therefore further support the suggestion that complex nitrile species may exist on the surface of Pluto.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/0067-0049/224/2/17
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/134152
ISSN: 0067-0049
DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/224/2/17
期刊: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES
Volume: 224
Issue: 2
起始頁: 0
結束頁: 0
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