標題: Seasonal Mass Changes and Crustal Vertical Deformations Constrained by GPS and GRACE in Northeastern Tibet
作者: Pan, Yuanjin
Shen, Wen-Bin
Hwang, Cheinway
Liao, Chaoming
Zhang, Tengxu
Zhang, Guoqing
土木工程學系
Department of Civil Engineering
關鍵字: CGPS time series;GRACE observations and surface loads;empirical orthogonal function;crustal vertical deformation
公開日期: 八月-2016
摘要: Surface vertical deformation includes the Earth\'s elastic response to mass loading on or near the surface. Continuous Global Positioning System (CGPS) stations record such deformations to estimate seasonal and secular mass changes. We used 41 CGPS stations to construct a time series of coordinate changes, which are decomposed by empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs), in northeastern Tibet. The first common mode shows clear seasonal changes, indicating seasonal surface mass re-distribution around northeastern Tibet. The GPS-derived result is then assessed in terms of the mass changes observed in northeastern Tibet. The GPS-derived common mode vertical change and the stacked Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mass change are consistent, suggesting that the seasonal surface mass variation is caused by changes in the hydrological, atmospheric and non-tidal ocean loads. The annual peak-to-peak surface mass changes derived from GPS and GRACE results show seasonal oscillations in mass loads, and the corresponding amplitudes are between 3 and 35 mm /year. There is an apparent gradually increasing gravity between 0.1 and 0.9 mu Gal/year in northeast Tibet. Crustal vertical deformation is determined after eliminating the surface load effects from GRACE, without considering Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) contribution. It reveals crustal uplift around northeastern Tibet from the corrected GPS vertical velocity. The unusual uplift of the Longmen Shan fault indicates tectonically sophisticated processes in northeastern Tibet.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s16081211
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/134105
ISSN: 1424-8220
DOI: 10.3390/s16081211
期刊: SENSORS
Volume: 16
Issue: 8
顯示於類別:期刊論文