|標題:||Small conductance calcium-activated potassium current and the mechanism of atrial arrhythmia in mice with dysfunctional melanocyte-like cells|
Everett, Thomas H.
Olaopa, Michael A.
Kudela, Maria Aleksandra
Rubart-von der Lohe, Michael
Patel, Vickas V.
Institute of Molecular Medicine and Bioengineering
|關鍵字:||Apamin;Atrial fibrillation;Melanocyte-like cells;Optical mapping;SK channels|
|摘要:||BACKGROUND The melanin synthesis enzyme dopachrome tautomerase (Dct) regulates intracellular Ca2+ in melanocytes. Homozygous Dct knockout (Dct(-/-)) adult mice are vulnerable to atrial arrhythmias (AA). OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether apamin-sensitive small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SK) currents are upregulated in Dct(-/-) mice and contribute to AA. METHODS Optical mapping was used to study the membrane potential of the right atrium in Langendorff perfused Dct(-/-) (n = 9) and Dct(+/-) (n = 9) mice. RESULTS Apamin prolonged action potential duration (APD) by 18.8 ms (95% confidence interval [CI] 13.4-24.1 ms) in Dct(-/-) mice and by 11.5 ms (95% CI 5.4-17.6 ms) in Dct(+/-) mice at a pacing cycle length of 150 ms (P = .047). The pacing cycle length threshold to induce APD alternans was 48 ms (95% CI 34-62 ms) for Dct(-/-) mice and 21 ms (95% CI 12-29 ms) for Dct(+/-) mice (P = .002) at baseline, and it was 35 ms (95% CI 21-49 ms) for Dct(-/-) mice and 22 ms (95% CI 11-32 ms) for Dct(+/-) mice (P = .025) after apamin administration. Apamin prolonged post-burst pacing APD by 8.9 ms (95% CI 3.9-14.0 ms) in Dct(-/-) mice and by 1.5 ms (95% CI 0.7-2.3 ms) in Dct(+/-) mice (P = .005). Immunoblot and quantitative polymerase chain reaction analyses showed that protein and transcripts levels of SK1 and SK3 were increased in the right atrium of Dct(-/-) mice. AA inducibility (89% vs 11%; P = .003) and duration (281 seconds vs 66 seconds; P = .008) were greater in Dct(-/-) mice than in Dct(+/-) mice at baseline, but not different (22% vs 11%; P = 1.00) after apamin administration. Five of 8 (63%) induced atrial fibrillation episodes in Dct(-/-) mice had focal drivers. CONCLUSION Apamin-sensitive SK current upregulation in Dct(-/-) mice plays an important role in the mechanism of AA.|
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