Title: Superior characteristics of microscale light emitting diodes through tightly lateral oxide-confined scheme
Authors: Huang, Shen-Che
Li, Heng
Zhang, Zhe-Han
Chen, Hsiang
Wang, Shing-Chung
Lu, Tien-Chang
Department of Photonics
Issue Date: 9-Jan-2017
Abstract: We report on the design of the geometry and chip size-controlled structures of microscale light-emitting diodes (micro-LEDs) with a shallow-etched oxide-refilled current aperture and their performance. The proposed structure, which combines an indium-tin-oxide layer and an oxide-confined aperture, exhibited not only uniform current distribution but also remarkably tight current confinement. An extremely high injection level of more than 90 kA/cm(2) was achieved in the micro-LED with a 5-mu m aperture. Current spreading and the droop mechanism in the investigated devices were characterized through electroluminescence measurements, optical microscopy, and beam-view imaging. Furthermore, we utilized the beta-model and S-model to elucidate current crowding and the efficiency droop phenomenon in the investigated micro-LEDs. The luminescence results evidenced the highly favorable performance of the fabricated micro-LEDs, which is a result of their more uniform current spreading and lower junction temperature relative to conventional LEDs. Moreover, the maximum endured current density could be further increased by reducing the aperture size of the micro-LEDs. The proposed design, which is expected to be beneficial for the development of high-performance array-based micro-LEDs, is practicable through current state-of-the-art processing techniques. Published by AIP Publishing.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4973966
ISSN: 0003-6951
DOI: 10.1063/1.4973966
Volume: 110
Issue: 2
Appears in Collections:Articles