Title: Role of Tin Chloride in Tin-Rich Mixed-Halide Perovskites Applied as Mesoscopic Solar Cells with a Carbon Counter Electrode
Authors: Tsai, Cheng-Min
Wu, Hui-Ping
Chang, Sun-Tang
Huang, Chi-Feng
Wang, Chia-Hsin
Narra, Sudhakar
Yang, Yaw-Wen
Wang, Chien-Lung
Hung, Chen-Hsiung
Diau, Eric Wei-Guang
Department of Applied Chemistry
Institute of Molecular science
Issue Date: Dec-2016
Abstract: We report the synthesis and characterization of alloyed Sn Pb methylammonium mixed-halide perovskites (CH3NH3SnyPb1-yI3-xClx) to extend light harvesting toward the near infrared region for carbon-based mesoscopic solar cells free of organic hole-transport layers. The proportions of Sn in perovskites are well controlled by mixing tin chloride (SnCl2) and lead iodide (Pbl(2)) in varied stoichiometric ratios (y = 0-1). SnCl2 plays a key role in modifying the lattice structure of the perovskite, showing anomalous optical and optoelectronic properties; upon increasing the concentration of SnC2, the variation of the band gap and band energy differed from those of the Snl(2) precursor. The CH3NH3SnyPb1-yI3-xClx devices showed enhanced photovoltaic performance upon increasing the proportion of SnCl2 until y = 0.75, consistent with the corresponding potential energy levels. The photovoltaic performance was further improved upon adding 30 mol % tin fluoride (SnF2) with device configuration FTO/TiO2/Al2O3/NiO/C, producing the best power conversion efficiency, 5.13%, with great reproducibility and intrinsic stability.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00514
ISSN: 2380-8195
DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00514
Volume: 1
Issue: 6
Begin Page: 1086
End Page: 1093
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