Title: Artificially integrated synthetic rectangular waveguide
Authors: Wu, HS
Tzuang, CKC
Institute of Communications Engineering
Keywords: microwave integrated circuit (MIC);periodical structure;rectangular waveguide;slow-wave device;TE(10);TM(00);TM(10)
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2005
Abstract: A synthetic rectangular waveguide (SRW), which consists of two electrical sidewalls and two parallel periodical structures placed at the top and bottom surfaces of the waveguide, is presented. The SRW is made by multilayered integrated circuit processes, which typically have large ratios of SRW lateral dimensions to substrate thickness. Two theoretical methods, finite-element method and deembedding of composite structure consisting of SRW and mode converters, are applied to investigate the propagation characteristics of the SRW. Application of the dispersion characteristics of the two-dimensional periodical structures coupled with appropriate mode converter designs leads to results in SRW designs supporting TE(10), TM(00), and TM(10) modes. Measurements and the two theoretical approaches indicate that the slow-wave factor is 4.9 and Q-factor is 260 at 6.85 GHz for the TE(10) mode propagation with a cutoff frequency of 4.10 GHz (0.348 factor of cutoff frequency of conventional rectangular waveguide using the same material and dimensions). The theoretical data show the TM(00) mode to have a slow-wave factor of 1.8, Q-factor of 187.6 at 11.4 GHz, and cutoff frequency of 10.2 GHz. The TM10 mode has a slow-wave factor of 1.98, Q-factor of 187.6 at 12.5 GHz, and cutoff frequency of 10.4 GHz.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2005.854523
ISSN: 0018-926X
DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2005.854523
Volume: 53
Issue: 9
Begin Page: 2872
End Page: 2881
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