Institute of Business and Management
|關鍵字:||指數型基金;配置策略;單筆;定期定額;停利損;index mutual fund;allocation strategy;lump-sum;dollar cost averaging;take-profit and stop-loss|
Since interest rates are on the decline, this study shows that the dollar-cost-averaging (DCA) allocation strategy (that is the initial principal to be invested in the bond index fund and investors redeem mutual fund each month from bond index fund to stock index fund) can diversify the portfolio risk better and has more stable return than the traditional approach. To avoid the selectivity and timing issue, this study examines primarily the lump sum strategy (LS), allocation DCA strategy, and the traditional DCA approach for the index mutual funds. We also examine the performance by incorporating the take-profit (stop-loss) approach during the investment periods. The results show that the increasing trend of bond index makes the average annualized return of lump-sum strategy in bond index fund above 6%, which performs better than funds in bank deposits or the lump-sum strategy in the stock index fund. Regardless of take-profit (stop-loss), the average annualized return of the allocation DCA strategy significantly outperforms than traditional DCA strategy. The allocation DCA strategies with take-profit (stop-loss) are better than without take-profit (stop-loss) strategy. The annualized return is the highest if the allocation DCA strategy sets up the take-profit at the 20% level, and the performance can even surpass the lump-sum for bond index fund in annualized return if investment period is longer than three years. The risk is smallest and the risk-adjusted performance (Sharpe ratio and Sortino ratio) is best if the strategy sets up take-profit and stop-loss at the 10% level. The performance improvements for allocation DCA strategy with take-profit (stop-loss) are more apparent for longer investment horizon. In other words, our study suggests that ?allocation? and ?take-profit (stop-loss)? are two important factors for long-term investors to increase their performance of dollar cost averaging.
Journal of Management and Systems