Idealizing the Three Dynasties and Confucian Political Thoughts in Late Tokugawa Period: From the Sorai School to the Late Mito School
|關鍵字:||「三代」;政治思想;徂徠後學;後期水戶學;會澤正志齋;‘Three Dynasties’;political thoughts;Sorai School;Late Mito_x000d_ School;Aizawa Seishisai|
Japan’s development since the middle of the nineteenth century is usually summarized by the concept ‘westernization’; yet, such a perspective neglects the influence carried by indigenous traditions in the formation of modern Japan. In fact, before the Tokugawa intellectuals began to frantically absorb modern Western knowledge, also when they began to doubts the knowledge of New Confucianism, the ideas from ‘Three Dynasties’ of ancient China seems to became important resources for them to construct their own knowledge. So in this search project, I will explain how the Confucians imaged the ‘Three Dynasties’ by the interpretation of the Chinese Classics. Further, I will discuss how they saw the ancient Japanese history, and how they saw or criticized the Tokugawa society and political systems by the idealized ‘Three Dynasties’ imagination. Basing on an awareness of this issue, this project aims to introduce the knowledge of “Kangaku” (Chinese-learning) as one of the contexts in the history of political thoughts in late Tokugawa period by focusing on the Sorai School to and late Mito School. First, I will survey the works of famous disciples of Ogyū sorai, namely Hattori Nankaku, Dazai Shundai and Yamagata Shūnan to analyze how they imaged the ‘Three Dynasties’ of ancient China and how they saw or criticized the Tokugawa society and political systems by the idealized ‘Three Dynasties’ imagination. Then, I will survey the connections between the Sorai School to and late Mito School, and focusing on Aizawa Seishisai who had read a lot of works of Ogyū sorai to analyze how he developed the ideas of Ogyū Sorai and his disciples. In doing so, this project intends to reconstruct the history of late Tokugawa political thoughts, and to provide some relevant clues for further thinking.
|Appears in Collections:||Research Plans|