Title: The electrochemical polishing behavior of porous austenitic stainless steel (AISI 316L) in phosphoric-sulfuric mixed acids
Authors: Chen, SC
Tu, GC
Huang, CA
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Keywords: porous austenitic stainless steel;potentiostatic polishing;phosphoric-sulfuric mixed acid;volume ratio;polishing charge
Issue Date: 21-Dec-2005
Abstract: The electrochemical polishing of porous austenitic stainless steel (PASS), AISI 316L, in the phosphoric-sulfuric mixed acid with volume-ratio of 1: 1, 2: 1 and 3: 1 at temperature ranging from 60 to 80 degrees C was studied. Electrochemical polishing of PASS was performed in the potential located in the limiting-current plateau of its anodic polarization curve using a rotating cylinder electrode (RCE). The results show that the electrochemical polishing of PASS is strongly affected by the volume ratio of the mixed acid and the polishing temperature, yet very little by the potentiostatic polishing charge. An optimal brightening and leveling surface of PASS could be achieved by polishing in 2: 1 v/v mixed acid at 70 degrees C. Whereas, polishing in 1 : 1 and 2: 1 v/v ratios at and above 75 degrees C would result in formation of enlarged pores on the PASS surface due to high dissolution rate within the pores. Pores with rounded edges in the surface morphology of PASS was shown when polishing in 3: 1 v/v mixed acid at temperature ranging from 60 to 80 degrees C. The effects of temperature, acid volume-ratio as well as potentiostatic polishing charge on polishing behavior were discussed based on the results of electrochemical test and the polished surface morphology using scanning electron microscope (SEM). (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2005.06.008
ISSN: 0257-8972
DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2005.06.008
Volume: 200
Issue: 7
Begin Page: 2065
End Page: 2071
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