標題: Co-rotational finite element formulation for thin-walled beams with generic open section
作者: Chen, HH
Lin, WY
Hsiao, KM
機械工程學系
Department of Mechanical Engineering
關鍵字: co-rotational formulation;thin-walled beam;geometric nonlinearity;buckling
公開日期: 2006
摘要: A consistent co-rotational total Lagrangian finite element formulation for the geometric nonlinear buckling and postbuckling analysis of thin-walled beams with generic open section is presented. The element developed here has two nodes with seven degrees of freedom per node. The element nodes are chosen to be located at the shear centers of the end cross-sections of the beam element and the shear center axis is chosen to be the reference axis. The deformations of the beam element are described in the current element coordinate system constructed at the current configuration of the beam element. The element nodal forces are derived using the virtual work principle. The virtual rigid body motion corresponding to the virtual nodal displacements is excluded in the derivation of the element nodal forces. A procedure is proposed to determine the virtual rigid body motion. The way used to determine the element coordinate system and element nodal deformations corresponding to the virtual nodal displacements and that corresponding to the incremental nodal displacement are consistent. In element nodal forces, all coupling among bending, twisting, and stretching deformations of the beam element is considered by consistent second-order linearization of the fully geometrically nonlinear beam theory. In the derivation of the element tangent stiffness matrix, the change of element nodal forces induced by the element rigid body rotations should be considered for the present method. Thus, a stability matrix is included in the element tangent stiffness matrix. An incremental-iterative method based on the Newton-Raphson method combined with constant arc length of incremental displacement vector is employed for the solution of nonlinear equilibrium equations. The zero value of the tangent stiffness matrix determinant of the structure is used as the criterion of the buckling state. Numerical examples are presented to investigate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method. The effect of the terms in the element nodal force and tangent stiffness matrix, which will converge to zero with the decrease of element size, on the convergence rate of solution and accuracy for the buckling load and nonlinear behavior of three dimensional beam structures are also investigated through numerical examples. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/12844
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cma.2005.05.011
ISSN: 0045-7825
DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2005.05.011
期刊: COMPUTER METHODS IN APPLIED MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING
Volume: 195
Issue: 19-22
起始頁: 2334
結束頁: 2370
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