|標題:||Computational and experimental studies on the effect of hydrogenation of Ni-doped TiO2 anatase nanoparticles for the application of water splitting|
Wang, T. T.
Lin, M. C.
Department of Applied Chemistry
|摘要:||We have studied theoretically and experimentally the effect of Ni-doping in TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) on hydrogenation. The doped NPs can be hydrogenated readily in a much shorter time at T < 623 K under near atmospheric H-2 pressure. The hydrogenated black NP films exhibit a broad UV-Vis absorption extending well beyond 800 nm. The experimental data can be corroborated by quantum calculations. The barriers for dissociative adsorption of H-2 at the Ni and O-2c sites on the 2Ni-doped TiO2 surface are significantly reduced from 48 kcal mol(-1) on the undoped surface to 17 and 12 kcal mol(-1), respectively. The computed densities of states of the doped TiO2 also show new absorption peaks in the band-gaps of the hydrogenated systems which exhibit a high efficiency of solar water-splitting over those of nonhydrogenated samples based on our preliminary study. The theoretical result also indicates that Ni-doping significantly affects the enthalpies of hydrogenation for formation of 2HO(b) and H2O(b) in the bulk from 7 and 19 kcal mol(-1) in the undoped TiO2 to -76 and -69 kcal mol(-1) in the 2Ni-TiO2 system, respectively, with a > 80 kcal mol(-1) increase in exothermicities.|