|標題:||Quantum chemical investigation on the role of Li adsorbed on anatase (101) surface nano-materials on the storage of molecular hydrogen|
Lin, M. C.
Department of Applied Chemistry
|關鍵字:||Anatase;DFT plus U;Hydrogen storage;Lithiation;TiO2(101);VASP|
|摘要:||Lithiation of TiO2 has been shown to enhance the storage of hydrogen up to 5.6 wt% (Hu et al. J Am Chem Soc 128: 11740-11741, 2006). The mechanism for the process is still unknown. In this work we have carried out a study on the adsorption and diffusion of Li atoms on the surface and migration into subsurface layers of anatase (101) by periodic density functional theory calculations implementing on-site Coulomb interactions (DFT+U). The model consists of 24 [TiO2] units with 11.097x7.655 angstrom(2) surface area. Adsorption energies have been calculated for different Li atoms (1-14) on the surface. A maximumof 13 Li atoms can be accommodated on the surface at two bridged O, Ti-O, and Ti atom adsorption sites, with 83 kcal mol(-1) adsorption energy for a single Li atom adsorbed between two bridged O atoms from where it can migrate into the subsurface layer with 27 kcal mol(-1) energy barrier. The predicted adsorption energies for H-2 on the lithiated TiO2 (101) surface with 1-10 Li atoms revealed that the highest adsorption energies occurred on 1-Li, 5-Li, and 9-Li surfaces with 3.5, 4.4, and 7.6 kcal mol(-1), respectively. The values decrease rapidly with additional H-2 co-adsorbed on the lithiated surfaces; the maximum H-2 adsorption on the 9LiTiO(2)(a) surface was estimated to be only 0.32 wt% under 100 atm H-2 pressure at 77 K. The result of Bader charge analysis indicated that the reduction of Ti occurred depending on the Li atoms covered on the TiO2 surface.|
|期刊:||JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MODELING|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles|