標題: Synergistic effect of compatibilizer in organo-modified layered silicate reinforced butadiene rubber nanocomposites
作者: Hwang, WG
Wei, KH
Wu, CM
材料科學與工程學系
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
公開日期: 1-一月-2006
摘要: We have prepared nanocomposites of intercalated and exfoliated organosilicates in butadiene rubber (BR) by using a two-stage melt blending process. We used X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy to examine, respectively, the intergallery spacing of the organosilicates and their dispersion in the BR. Marked enhancements in the mechanical and thermal properties of BR occurred when it incorporated < 10 parts of organosilicates and the loading ratio of the organosilicate to dicarboxylic acid-terminated butadiene oligomer was approximately three. In particular, the addition of 10 parts of organosilicate and 3 parts of compatibilizer in the BR led to a more than four-fold increase in the tensile strength, a 150% increase in modulus at 100% elongation (M 100), and 232 and 410% enhancements in the tear strength and elongation at break, respectively, relative to those of neat BR. The degradation temperature for the BR nanocomposite containing only a 10-part loading of organosilicate was 51 degrees C higher than that of neat BR; these increases reduced, however, to 9-13 degrees C upon the addition of the CTB compatibilizer. In addition, the relative water vapor permeabilities of the BR nanocomposites containing 10 parts of organosilicate- both in the presence and absence of the compatibilizer- reduced to 20% of that of the neat BR.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pen.20450
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/12786
ISSN: 0032-3888
DOI: 10.1002/pen.20450
期刊: POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE
Volume: 46
Issue: 1
起始頁: 80
結束頁: 88
顯示於類別:期刊論文


文件中的檔案:

  1. 000234393300008.pdf