Light Design Interpreted under the Machine Aesthetic
The Industrial Revolution in the 18th century is the transition to new manufacturing processes. Machinery-made products have become common necessities in daily life. In the meantime, machines replacing hand production results in new connotations of the word “machine” in psychology and sociology. The idea of “machine” is no longer limited in technology only. Consequently a discourse on "machine aesthetics" has been initiated since then. At first, machine aesthetics is derived from spirits of science and reason, which claims that the functions of products should have a logical connection with the forms and materials. However, with advances in technologies and changes of lifestyles, machine aesthetics has developed into different interpretations accordingly. The series of works contains three reading lamps. The main concept is based on the fundamental definition of machinery. Movable parts and simple devices such as a pulley and a lever are applied to convert traditional one-touch on-off switch into various operation modes. The affordance theory is also applied to guide users how to use the lamps according to their own needs under certain circumstances. Additionally, ready-made industrial materials such as insulators and hand wheels are used to enhance the impression of machine aesthetics. Machine aesthetics doesn’t belong to any schools of art or design, but is deduced from industrialized civilization. This research offers a different perspective to interpret machine aesthetics. The series emphasizes interaction between users and the product with mechanical movable parts. Utilization of recycled materials is to criticize current phenomena of wastefulness and alienation of daily life.
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