標題: A compact DSP core with static floating-point arithmetic
作者: Lin, TJ
Lin, HY
Chao, CM
Liu, CW
Jen, CW
電子工程學系及電子研究所
Department of Electronics Engineering and Institute of Electronics
公開日期: 1-二月-2006
摘要: A multimedia system-on-a-chip (SoC) usually contains one or more programmable digital signal processors (DSP) to accelerate data-intensive computations. But most of these DSP cores are designed originally for standalone applications, and they must have some overlapped (and redundant) components with the host microprocessor. This paper presents a compact DSP for multi-core systems, which is fully programmable and has been optimized to execute a set of signal processing kernels very efficiently. The DSP core was designed concurrently with its automatic software generator based on high-level synthesis. Moreover, it performs lightweight arithmetic-the static floating-point (SFP), which approximates the quality of floating-point (FP) operations with the hardware similar to that of the integer arithmetic. In our simulations, the compact DSP and its auto-generated software can achieve 3X performance (estimated in cycles) of those DSP cores in the dual-core baseband processors with similar computing resources. Besides, the 16-bit SFP has above 40 dB signal to round-off noise ratio over the IEEE single-precision FP, and it even outperforms the hand-optimized programs based on the 32-bit integer arithmetic. The 24-bit SFP has above 64 dB quality, of which the maximum precision is identical to that of the single-precision FP. Finally, the DSP core has been implemented and fabricated in the UMC 0.18 mu m 1P6M CMOS technology. It can operate at 314.5 MHz while consuming 52mW average power. The core size is only 1.5 mmx1.5 mm including the 16 KB on-chip memory and the AMBA AHB interface.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11265-005-4178-5
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/12698
ISSN: 0922-5773
DOI: 10.1007/s11265-005-4178-5
期刊: JOURNAL OF VLSI SIGNAL PROCESSING SYSTEMS FOR SIGNAL IMAGE AND VIDEO TECHNOLOGY
Volume: 42
Issue: 2
起始頁: 127
結束頁: 138
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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  1. 000237326800003.pdf