A Model for Assessing Vulnerability of Tourist Area Considering the Access Roads
|關鍵字:||觀光地區聯外道路;觀光地區脆弱度;脆弱度指標;風險評估;Access Road of Tourist Area;Assessing Vulnerability of Tourist Area;Vulnerability Indexes;Risk Assessment|
Taiwan, an island located on the border between the Eurasia plate and the Philippine Sea plate,is part of the circum-Pacific seismic belt, which has the high mountains, steep slope and frequent earthquakes, together with the heavy rainfall, cause more and more geohazards of landslides and debris. The view of climate change may lead to severe disaster, If the disaster area hasn't enough ability to defense against natural disasters, the disaster would lead to huge financial losses and casualties. The tourist area in the mountain area, which is located in remote districts has higher environmental fragility and less ability to withstand disaster. The study which is combine vulnerability with tourist area and access road constructs a model for assessing vulnerability of tourist area considering the access roads. Through the literature review, the hierarchy of the study has four aspects, six Impact factor and nine indexes. The Sun Moon Lake National Scenic Area and the Alishan National Scenic Area as an example to analyze. The analytical results is that the overall vulnerability of the Alishan National Scenic Area is more vulnerable than the Sun Moon Lake National Scenic Area. The key reason Alishan National Scenic Area is high vulnerability area is more serious impact of tourism development and worse ability of disaster recovery. Finally, apply the concept of risk assessment, the analysis found that the Alishan National Scenic Area is a highly hazardous and highly vulnerable areas which should be priority to improve its vulnerability, and avoid the huge losses causing by disasters.