Title: Tutorial: Digital Microfluidic Biochips: Towards Hardware/Software Co-Design and Cyber-physical System Integration
Authors: Ho, Tsung-Yi
Huang, Juinn-Dar
Pop, Paul
College of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2013
Abstract: This tutorial will first provide an overview of typical bio-molecular applications (market drivers) such as immunoassays, DNA sequencing, clinical chemistry, etc. Next, microarrays and various micro fluidic platforms will be discussed. The next part of the tutorial will focus on electro-wetting-based digital micro-fluidic biochips. The key idea here is to manipulate liquids as discrete droplets. A number of case studies based on representative assays and laboratory procedures will be interspersed in appropriate places throughout the tutorial. Basic concepts in micro-fabrication techniques will also be discussed. Attendees will next learn about CAD and reconfiguration aspects of digital micro fluidic biochips. Synthesis tools will be described to map assay protocols from the lab bench to a droplet-based micro fluidic platform and generate an optimized schedule of bioassay operations, the binding of assay operations to functional units, and the layout and droplet-flow paths for the biochip. The role of the digital micro fluidic platform as a "programmable and reconfigurable processor" for biochemical applications will be highlighted. Cyber-physical integration using low-cost sensors and adaptive control, software will be highlighted. Cost-effective testing techniques will be described to detect faults after manufacture and during field operation. On-line and off-line reconfiguration techniques will be presented to easily bypass faults once they are detected. The problem of mapping a small number of chip pins to a large number of array electrodes will also be covered. With the availability of these tools, chip users and chip designers will be able to concentrate on the development and chip-level adaptation of nano-scale bioassays (higher productivity), leaving implementation details to CAD tools.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/125069
ISBN: 978-1-4799-1166-0
ISSN: 2164-1676
Begin Page: 316
End Page: 317
Appears in Collections:Conferences Paper