標題: Variability of flow discharge in lateral inflow-dominated stream channels
作者: Chang, C. -M.
Yeh, H. -D.
環境工程研究所
Institute of Environmental Engineering
公開日期: 1-一月-2015
摘要: The influence of the temporal changes in lateral inflow rate on the discharge variability in stream channels is explored through the analysis of the diffusion wave equation (i.e. the linearized Saint-Venant equation). To account for variability and uncertainty, the lateral inflow rate is regarded as a temporal random function. On the basis of the spectral representation theory, analytical expressions for the covariance function and evolutionary power spectral density of the random discharge perturbation process are derived to quantify variability in stream flow discharge induced by the temporal changes in lateral inflow rate. The treatment of the discharge variance (square root of the variance) gives us a quantitative estimate of uncertainty in predictions from the deterministic model. It is found that the discharge variability of stream flow is very large in the downstream reach, indicating large uncertainty anticipated from the use of the deterministic model. A larger temporal correlation scale of inflow rate fluctuations, representing more temporal consistency of fluctuations in inflow rate around the mean, introduces a higher variability in stream flow discharge.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/hess-19-2505-2015
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/124858
ISSN: 1027-5606
DOI: 10.5194/hess-19-2505-2015
期刊: HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES
Volume: 19
起始頁: 2505
結束頁: 2511
顯示於類別:期刊論文