Title: Incidence rates of tuberculosis in chronic hepatitis C infected patients with or without interferon based therapy: a population-based cohort study in Taiwan
Authors: Lin, Shang-Yi
Chen, Tun-Chieh
Lu, Po-Liang
Lin, Chun-Yu
Lin, Wei-Ru
Yang, Yi-Hsin
Chen, Yen-Hsu
Institute of Biomedical Engineering
Keywords: Interferon;Hepatitis C virus;Tuberculosis
Issue Date: 19-Dec-2014
Abstract: Background: It is debated whether interferon-based therapy (IBT) would affect the incidence of active tuberculosis (TB) among hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected patients. Although some case reports have demonstrated a possible association, the results are currently inconclusive. Therefore, we conducted a nation-wide population study to investigate the incidence of active TB in HCV infected patients receiving IBT in Taiwan. Methods: This 9-year cohort study was based on the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 (LHID 2000) consisting of 1,000,000 beneficiaries randomly selected from all Taiwan National Health Insurance enrollees in 2000 (>23.7 million). This insurance program covers all citizens in Taiwan. We conducted a retrospective cohort study that identified subjects with HCV infection. IBTs were defined as regimens that included interferon alpha, peginterferon alpha 2a and peginterferon alpha 2b for at least 2 months. Among them, 621 subjects received IBT, and 2,460 age-and gender-matched subjects were enrolled for analysis. The Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) for active TB, and associated confidence intervals (CIs), comparing IBT cohort and untreated cohort. The endpoint in this study was whether an enrolled subject had a new diagnosis of active TB. Results: During the 9-year enrollment period, the treated and untreated cohorts were followed for a mean (+/- SD) duration of 6.97 +/- 0.02 years and 8.21 +/- 0.01 years, respectively. The cumulative incidence rate of active TB during this study period was 0.150 and 0.151 per 100 person-years in the IBT treated and untreated cohorts, respectively. There was no significant difference in the incidence of active TB in either cohort during a 1-year follow-up (Adjusted Hazard Ratio (AHR): 2.81, 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI): 0.61 - 12.98) or the long-term follow-up (AHR: 1.02, 95% CI: 0.28 - 3.78). The Cox proportional hazards model demonstrated that IBT was not a risk factor for active TB. The only risk factor for active TB was the occurrence of hepatic encephalopathy. Conclusion: Our results showed that IBT is associated with increased hazard of active TB in HCV infected patients in 1-year follow-up; however, the effect sizes were not statistically significant.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-014-0705-y
ISSN: 1471-2334
DOI: 10.1186/s12879-014-0705-y
Volume: 14
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