標題: Complementary solvent additives tune the orientation of polymer lamellae, reduce the sizes of aggregated fullerene domains, and enhance the performance of bulk heterojunction solar cells
作者: Liu, Chih-Ming
Su, Yu-Wei
Jiang, Jian-Ming
Chen, Hsiu-Cheng
Lin, Shu-Wei
Su, Chun-Jen
Jeng, U-Ser
Wei, Kung-Hwa
材料科學與工程學系
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
公開日期: 1-一月-2014
摘要: In this study we employed 1-chloronaphthalene (CN) and 1,8-diiodooctane (DIO) as binary additives exhibiting complementarily preferential solubility for processing the crystalline conjugated polymer poly[bis(dodecyl)thiophene-dodecyl-thieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione] (PBTC12TPD) and the fullerene [6,6]-phenyl-C-71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) in chloroform. Using synchrotron grazing-incidence small-/wide-angle X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy to analyse the structure of the PBTC12TPD-PC71BM blend films, we found that the binary additives with different volume ratios in the processing solvent allow us to tune the relative population of face-on to edge-on PBTC12TPD lamellae and the size of PC71BM clusters in the blend films; the sizes of the fractal-like PC71BM clusters and the aggregated domains of PC71BM clusters increased and decreased, respectively, upon increasing the amount of DIO, whereas the relative ratio of face-on to edge-on PBTC12TPD lamellae increased upon increasing the amount of CN. When fabricating the photovoltaic devices, the short-circuit current density of the devices with the PBTC12TPD-PC71BM active layer having been processed with the binary additives is higher than that of the device incorporating an active layer processed without any additive. As a result, the power conversion efficiency of a device incorporating an active layer of PBTC12TPD-PC71BM (1 : 1.5, w/w) processed with binary additives of 0.5% DIO and 1% CN in chloroform increased to 6.8% from a value of 4.9%, a relative increase of 40%, for the corresponding device containing the same active layer but processed without any additive.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4ta04804k
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/123996
ISSN: 2050-7488
DOI: 10.1039/c4ta04804k
期刊: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A
Issue: 48
起始頁: 20760
結束頁: 20769
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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