|標題:||Effects of fermentation on antioxidant properties and phytochemical composition of soy germ|
Fang, Tony J.
Department of Biological Science and Technology
|關鍵字:||antioxidant;Aspergillus;fermented soy germ;phenolics|
|摘要:||BACKGROUNDTraditional soy-fermented foods, such as miso, douche, natto, and tempeh have been widely used as a dietary supplement in Asian countries, and numerous reports on their phenolics and antioxidant activities have been published. Soy germ contains 10-fold higher phenolics than whole soybean, hence using soy germ as fermentation substrate will be more efficient than whole soybean. RESULTSSoy germ fermented with Aspergillus nigerM46 resulted in a high-efficiency bio-transformation of phenolics and flavonoids to their metabolites, and a diverse secondary metabolic product was also found to response oxidation stress of fungal colonisation. Its antioxidant activity against hydroxyl radicals and superoxide radicals (IC50 = 0.8 and 6.15 mu g mL(-1), respectively) was about 205-fold and 47-fold higher than those of unfermented soy germ (IC50 = 164.0 and 290.48 mu g mL(-1)), respectively. These results were similar to those observed for Trolox, and more active than those of BHT and hesperidin. The -glucosidase and -amylase produced during fermentation were mainly responsible for mobilisation of the phenolics. CONCLUSIONOur results demonstrate that fermented soy germ has the potential to be a good dietary supplement for prevention of oxidative stress-related diseases, and the solid-state bioprocessing strategy could be an innovative approach to enhance the antioxidant activity of soy germ. (c) 2014 Society of Chemical Industry|
|期刊:||JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE|