Title: 網路的禮物文化
Internet as a Gift Culture
Authors: 賴曉黎
Shao-Lee Lai
Department of Communication and Technology
Keywords: 黑客;禮物文化;hacker;gift culture
Issue Date: 2004
Abstract: 網路讓許多人著迷甚至耽溺的原因有許多,但最重要的不過就是:幾乎所有上網者的需求都能得到滿足,問題也都可以得到解答。而在網路股泡沫化的過程中,最不可解的是,免費的東西依舊那麼多,依舊任你自由取用。我們隨時可以上網下載(download)我們需要的軟體、文件。通過解析free, gift這兩個字各自的雙重含意:自由與免費、天賦與禮物,我們發現:網路的禮物文化是資訊自由與共享理念的原型。然而,在資訊逐漸成為重要資源,甚至造就資訊產業的蓬勃發展時,資訊成為產業利潤的來源。於是,在理想與現實之間,在自由至上與擁抱商業之間,黑客運動走到一個抉擇點。這個現象值得我們留意與關切。
This article discusses one important behavior of Internet: downloading. Why do people share their informations, softwares, movies and music etc. with others on Internet? We find hackers’ “gift culture” is the archetype of all sharing on Internet. Also, the author tries to indicate the ambiguity of two words: free and gift. “Free speech” is different from “free beer”, and “gift form God” is not the same with “a gift of a friend”. So the term “free gift” can mean either a talented man who is free from any limitation, or a present without payment. Gift culture then stands at the crossroads: freedom or profits.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/123615
Journal: 資訊社會研究
Journal of Cyber Culture and Information Society
Volume: 6
Begin Page: 149
End Page: 172
Appears in Collections:Journal of Cyber Culture and Information Society

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  1. 200401149172.pdf