|Title:||Dibenzothiophene/oxide and quinoxaline/pyrazine derivatives serving as electron-transport materials|
Shen, Jiun Yi
Lin, Jiann T.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
|Abstract:||A series of 2,8-disubstituted dibenzothiophene and 2,8-disubstituted dibenzothiophene-SS-dioxide derivatives containing quinoxaline and pyrazine moieties are synthesized via three key steps: i) palladium-catalyzed Sonogashira coupling reaction to form dialkynes; ii) conversion of the dialkynes to diones; and iii) condensation of the diones with diamines. Single-crystal characterization of 2,8-di(6,7-dimethyl-3-phenyl-2-quinoxalinyl)-5H-5 lambda(6)-dibenzo[b,d]thiophene-5,5-dione indicates a triclinic crystal structure with space group P1 and a non-coplanar structure. These new materials are amorphous, with glass-transition temperatures ranging from 132 to 194 degrees C. The compounds (Cpd) exhibit high electron mobilities and serve as effective electron-transport materials for organic light-emitting devices. Double-layer devices are fabricated with the structure indium tin oxide (ITO)/Qn/Cpd/LiF/Al, where yellow-emitting 2,3-bis[4-(N-phenyl-9-ethyl-3-carbazolylamino)phenyl]quinoxaline (Qn) serves as the emitting layer. An external quantum efficiency of 1.41 %, a power efficiency of 4.94 lm W-1, and a current efficiency of 1.62 cd A(-1) are achieved at a current density of 100 mA cm(-2).|
|Journal:||ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles|
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